Added: 10. February 2009

Last update: 07. December 2009

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Fisheries

Fishing has always been an important activity in Estonia, whether it be in coastal areas, on inland waterways and bodies of water or in the regions serving them. The Estonian fishing sector can basically be divided into three fields: fishing, fish farming and fish processing and marketing. Fishing is categorised on the basis of fishing grounds: the Baltic Sea (trawler and coastal fishing), inland waterways and bodies of water, and distant-water fishing. Most of the fish obtained in Estonia comes from the Baltic Sea. A significant amount is also derived from distant-water fishing in the northern Atlantic. A much smaller but still valuable amount of fishing takes place on inland waterways and bodies of water, chiefly Lake Peipus.
The main trends in aquaculture are commercial fish farming, fish farming to return fish to natural waterways and crayfish farming.
Traditional species that have long been farmed in Estonia are rainbow trout and carp. The main areas of activity in Estonian fish processing are fish freezing and filleting and the production of fish preserves and ready-to-eat foodstuffs. The main raw ingredients for Estonia's fish processing companies are the local Baltic Sea herring and sprat, while for filleting companies the main species are the freshwater species perch and pike-perch.
From 2007 to 2013 the European Fisheries Fund will provide a total of 84.6 million euros in support for the Estonian fishing sector. With the financing provided by the state, this will produce an average annual amount of support of approximately 230 million kroons.

 

More detailed information regarding support measures is available here (in Estonian)
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